other names for cactus
 Less drought-resistant epiphytes, such as epiphyllum hybrids, Schlumbergera (the Thanksgiving or Christmas cactus) and Hatiora (the Easter cactus), are widely cultivated as houseplants. What are other names for Mistletoe Cactus? When I played Pokemon on my Gameboy Advanced as a teenager, I would name literally every single Pokemon I used regularly after a food name. Care for it the way you want someone to care for you. The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek κάκτος , kaktos , a name originally used by Theophrastus for a spiny plant whose identity is now not certain. Flower buds, particularly of Cylindropuntia species, are also consumed. Two species have a long history of use by the indigenous peoples of the Americas: peyote, Lophophora williamsii, in North America, and the San Pedro cactus, Echinopsis pachanoi, in South America. For example, the type locality of Pelecyphora strobiliformis near Miquihuana, Mexico, was virtually denuded of plants, which were dug up for sale in Europe. They consist of erect, cylinder-shaped stems, which may or may not branch, without a very clear division into trunk and branches. , Photosynthesis requires plants to take in carbon dioxide gas (CO2). Most members of these two groups are easily recognizable as cacti. Latin American examples include Parque Nacional del Pinacate, Sonora, Mexico and Pan de Azúcar National Park, Chile. They lived in tropical areas that experienced periodic drought. Flower colors range from white through yellow and red to magenta.. The center of the stem, which contains the growing point (the apical meristem), is sunken. Many cacti have short growing seasons and long dormancies, and are able to react quickly to any rainfall, helped by an extensive but relatively shallow root system that quickly absorbs any water reaching the ground surface. Synonyms… If it doesn’t bring a smile to your face, why bother giving the plant a name? Fetching “Pet” Names, Funny & Cute. I now feel it’s almost my duty to create a mini cactus collection from my larger collection, labelling them with witty names instead of their actual scientific ones. Their areoles identify them as cacti, and in spite of their appearance, they, too, have many adaptations for water conservation. Thus, Ferocactus cylindraceus reportedly can take up a significant amount of water within 12 hours of as little as 7 mm (0.3 in) of rainfall, becoming fully hydrated in a few days. Now a day many of the cactus are ornamental plants which can be grown in a small pot. I think you should have some content on propagating succulents. There are so many ways you can go with funny, quirky, or stupid cute as your criteria, however. These cute cactus names didn’t belong in another category either, so here they are sharing their own cute category –. , Tall treelike habit (Pachycereus pringlei), Tall unbranched columnar habit (Cephalocereus), Shorter clustered columnar habit (Ferocactus pilosus), Solitary globular habit (Ferocactus echidne), Clustered globular habit (Rebutia species), The leafless, spiny stem is the characteristic feature of the majority of cacti (and all of those belonging to the largest subfamily, the Cactoideae). Huge resemblance there A Peruvian Apple Cactus that goes for days named “Green Bean” or “Asparagus”? Although spines have a high surface area-to-volume ratio, at maturity they contain little or no water, being composed of fibers made up of dead cells. I genuinely have always found naming conventions stupid fun, but you’ll read more about this later when we get to those sections. , Botanically, "spines" are distinguished from "thorns": spines are modified leaves, and thorns are modified branches. In one case, a young saguaro only 12 cm (4.7 in) tall had a root system with a diameter of 2 m (7 ft), but no more than 10 cm (4 in) deep. Join me as I attempt to take my green thumb from a pale pastel to a rich British racing green.  Another issue is the hardness of the water; where it is necessary to use hard water, regular re-potting is recommended to avoid the build up of salts. My daughter named a large prickly pear cactus in her yard that.  A possible stimulus to their evolution may have been uplifting in the central Andes, some 25–20 million years ago, which was associated with increasing and varying aridity. Required fields are marked *. It’s most common name is prickly pear. NOM COMMUN : Cactus coussin, Feather Cactus. They are used for human food and as fodder for animals, usually after burning off their spines. The difficulties began with Carl Linnaeus. They have absent, small, or transient leaves.  Precisely when after this split cacti evolved is less clear. General advice is hard to give, since the frequency of watering required depends on where the cacti are being grown, the nature of the growing medium, and the original habitat of the cacti. Want something that pretends a cactus is a cute, cuddly little pet instead of a really painful plant to touch? By the early 20th century, botanists came to feel Linnaeus's name Cactus had become so confused as to its meaning (was it the genus or the family?)  The general recommendation of 25–75% organic-based material, the rest being inorganic such as pumice, perlite or grit, is supported by other sources. Attempts by the Roman Catholic church to suppress its use after the Spanish conquest were largely unsuccessful, and by the middle of the 20th century, peyote was more widely used than ever by indigenous peoples as far north as Canada. Low light levels are sufficient during germination, but afterwards semi-desert cacti need higher light levels to produce strong growth, although acclimatization is needed to conditions in a greenhouse, such as higher temperatures and strong sunlight. , Almost any fleshy cactus fruit is edible. , Cacti are used as construction materials. For example, in California, the East Bay Municipal Utility District sponsored the publication of a book on plants and landscapes for summer-dry climates.  Roger Brown suggests a mixture of two parts commercial soilless growing medium, one part hydroponic clay and one part coarse pumice or perlite, with the addition of soil from earthworm castings. The purpose of the growing medium is to provide support and to store water, oxygen and dissolved minerals to feed the plant. In most other cacti, the branches are more typically cactus-like, bare of leaves and bark, and covered with spines, as in Pachycereus pringlei or the larger opuntias. Why are my Mistletoe Cactus stems falling off? Mammillaria rekoi), Unusual flattened spines of Sclerocactus papyracanthus, Most ground-living cacti have only fine roots, which spread out around the base of the plant for varying distances, close to the surface. Because transpiration takes place during the cooler, more humid night hours, water loss is significantly reduced. Typically, the tube also has small scale-like bracts, which gradually change into sepal-like and then petal-like structures, so the sepals and petals cannot be clearly differentiated (and hence are often called "tepals"). opuntia. , Cacti can be propagated by seed, cuttings or grafting. The boundary between columnar forms and tree-like or shrubby forms is difficult to define. Fleshy, colorful and sweet-tasting fruits are associated with seed dispersal by birds. Just fill in the form below and hit "Subscribe"! Scientific Name Number Of Images Forestry Images is a joint project of The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences , Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health , US Forest Service , International Society of Arboriculture , USDA Identification Technology Program Most spines are straight or at most slightly curved, and are described as hair-like, bristle-like, needle-like or awl-like, depending on their length and thickness. An archaeological site in Chile has been dated to around 15,000 years ago, suggesting cacti would have been encountered before then. They consist of shorter, more ball-shaped stems than columnar cacti. Individual stems are about 2–6 cm (0.8–2.4 in) high with a diameter of 4–11 cm (1.6–4.3 in), and may be found in clumps up to 1 m (3 ft) wide.  The alternative theory is the species initially crossed the Atlantic on European ships trading between South America and Africa, after which birds may have spread it more widely.. By the early 1800s, enthusiasts in Europe had large collections (often including other succulents alongside cacti). In more tropical southern areas, the climber Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya orejona, now widely grown in Asia under the name dragon fruit. If I ever start that mini collection, my guess is you guys will come up with such good ones, I’ll end up stealing my faves from the comments section for my own uses , (Psst, I now have a “pet names” list for succulents besides cacti, so check that out if you collect other succulents and may give them a name.). For the former genus, "Cacti" redirects here. Stems have stomata and the formation of bark takes place later than in normal trees. , The difficulties continued, partly because giving plants scientific names relies on "type specimens". If you like the posts on Potting Plans, please take a moment to subscribe to the email newsletter! Cactus stems are often ribbed or fluted, which allows them to expand and contract easily for quick water absorption after rain, followed by long drought periods. , Conservation of cacti can be in situ or ex situ.  Some cacti, such as all Ariocarpus and Discocactus species, are included in the more restrictive Appendix I, used for the "most endangered" species. In an areole, the nodes are so close together, they form a single structure. Immediately below the outer epidermis, a hypodermal layer developed made up of cells with thickened walls, offering mechanical support. Other features include a relatively dull color, often white or green; a radially symmetrical shape, often tubular; a smell described as "musty"; and the production of a large amount of sugar-rich nectar. Like to dig through more of my posts?  This section is primarily concerned with the cultivation of semidesert cacti in containers and under protection, such as in a greenhouse or in the home, rather than cultivation outside in the ground in those climates that permit it. The name Cactus means From The Cactus Plant and is of American origin. They store what water they do get, allowing them to survive droughts. Cacti are often grown in greenhouses, particularly in regions unsuited to the cultivation of cacti outdoors, such the northern parts of Europe and North America. I named mine Cactina Turner. It spread rapidly in the Mediterranean area, both naturally and by being introduced—so much so, early botanists assumed it was native to the area. There’s something to repeating sounds that make names quite a bit more fun. In tropical regions, other cacti grow as forest climbers and epiphytes (plants that grow on trees). By: Jacob J. Wright 21 September, 2017. Over-collection of cacti for sale has greatly affected some species. Unlike most plants, cactus need very minimal amounts of water, thriving in well-drained areas. Sadly, I couldn’t find many recommendations, let alone think up many more than those names listed here, but you get the picture. Super amusing, even if it’s only entertaining to you. After the lettuce :p, I liked Spikasaurus Rex an FCC Mini me so I made it a combo! Common Names : Balloon Cactus, Green Ball Cactus, Ball Cactus, Blue Ball Cactus. Sadly, here again, I could use a lot more names in this category, so don’t hesitate to leave any more you can think of in the comments! Prickly plant. All or some stems in a cluster may share a common root. , Grafting is used for species difficult to grow well in cultivation or that cannot grow independently, such as some chlorophyll-free forms with white, yellow or red bodies, or some forms that show abnormal growth (e.g., cristate or monstrose forms). This goes one step farther on the pun scale, and I absolutely think it’s one of my favourite ideas. Areoles are an identifying feature of cacti. The concentration of salts in the root cells of cacti is relatively high. (The two highly specialized species of Maihuenia are something of an exception. Cochineal is the product of an insect that lives on some cacti. Like Pereskia species today, early ancestors may have been able to switch from the normal C3 mechanism, where carbon dioxide is used continuously in photosynthesis, to CAM cycling, in which when the stomata are closed, carbon dioxide produced by respiration is stored for later use in photosynthesis. If I had just one or two indoor plant cacti, I’d definitely choose this category to name my cactus/cacti from. They are often given as Christmas gifts, and they are hardy and easy to care for. The seeds pass through their digestive systems and are deposited in their droppings. For a more detailed discussion of the phylogeny of the cacti, see Classification of the Cactaceae. What are your favourite names for cacti? , Cacti were cultivated as ornamental plants from the time they were first brought from the New World. In the genus Pereskia, the branches are covered with leaves, so the species of this genus may not be recognized as cacti. In a cactus. Here, they may be kept in pots or grown in the ground.  Core cacti, those with strongly succulent stems, are estimated to have evolved around 25 million years ago. , A range of pests attack cacti in cultivation. Learn everything you need to know about their names, flowers, and different types. The frames of wattle and daub houses built by the Seri people of Mexico may use parts of Carnegiea gigantea. Many other species have become naturalized outside the Americas after having been introduced by people, especially in Australia, Hawaii, and the Mediterranean region. Species of Pereskia within clade A always lack two key features of the stem present in most of the remaining "caulocacti": like most non-cacti, their stems begin to form bark early in the plants' life and also lack stomata—structures that control admission of air into a plant and hence control photosynthesis.  Several other species of Echinopsis, including E. peruviana, also contain mescaline. cactus names and stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Beehive Cactus, Escobaria vivipara or Coryphantha vivipara, is a species of cactus known by several common names, including spinystar, and viviparous foxtail cactus. The subfamilies are:. , Smaller cacti may be described as columnar.  A broad distinction can be made between semidesert cacti and epiphytic cacti, which need different conditions and are best grown separately. If you are looking for a succulent with a lot of colors, the Dwarf Chin Cactus is definitely one of the more vibrant cacti. You'll be notified each time there's a new post published. These vary from small "bumps" to prominent, nipple-like shapes in the genus Mammillaria and outgrowths almost like leaves in Ariocarpus species. Have a peek at my personal blog here, or browse through all the other blogs I pen & photograph! In-laws, parents (you might want to use code names for this one). Water loss is proportional to surface area, whereas the amount of water present is proportional to volume. , Cacti have many other uses. ", The two clades of Pereskia differ in their geographical distribution; with one exception, clade A is found around the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, whereas clade B occurs south of the Amazon Basin. , Hummingbirds are significant pollinators of cacti.  Thus, melocacti were possibly among the first cacti seen by Europeans. Imagine the fun of watching a house guest come in for a closer look, trying to learn the scientific name of that hairy cactus in the corner (cephalocereus senilis or “Peruvian Old Lady Cactus”) – only to discover a pet name like “Furry” on the label instead. AdstockRF.  Several viruses have been found in cacti, including cactus virus X. " Leafless cacti carry out all their photosynthesis in the stem, using full CAM. Eastern prickly pear, or devil's tongue (Opuntia humifusa). Select one of the names below to see the species on CactiGuide.com with that name or click on a letter to view names beginning with that letter. You can also use them for people you haven’t met, such as public figures, who you happen to disdain or think are pretty terrible people. Antonyms for cactus. Early evidence of the use of cacti includes cave paintings in the Serra da Capivara in Brazil, and seeds found in ancient middens (waste dumps) in Mexico and Peru, with dates estimated at 12,000–9,000 years ago. Whether that growth is considered small or large. ), The first cacti are thought to have been only slightly succulent shrubs or small trees whose leaves carried out photosynthesis. Cacti may also be planted outdoors in regions with suitable climates. A 2005 study suggested the genus Pereskia was basal within the Cactaceae, but confirmed earlier suggestions it was not monophyletic, i.e., did not include all the descendants of a common ancestor. Its blooms last longer in cooler temperatures.  Cacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Water may form up to 90% of the total mass of a cactus. Thus, Stenocereus eruca has stems growing along the ground, rooting at intervals. It has tall stems, up to 6 m (20 ft) high, with a diameter of 6–15 cm (2.4–5.9 in), which branch from the base, giving the whole plant a shrubby or tree-like appearance. I named some of mine really fun names such as Truffle, Finger, and Red Velvet. In full CAM, the stomata open only at night, when temperatures and water loss are lowest. in life happen to be. I live in Cascais, Portugal where I aim to create the drought-tolerant garden of my dreams. , Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a mechanism adopted by cacti and other succulents to avoid the problems of the C3 mechanism. Other cacti providing edible fruit include species of Echinocereus, Ferocactus, Mammillaria, Myrtillocactus, Pachycereus, Peniocereus and Selenicereus. Mammillaria plumosa FAMILLE BOTANIQUE : Cactaceae. If you liked the idea I brought up in the intro of naming a cactus after someone you personally know or have known in your past who was particularly prickly and was never all that nice to you, that’s what this particular naming convention is for. You are currently viewing all Common Names for Cacti that start with the letter " B ".  Some exceptions are allowed, e.g., for "naturalized or artificially propagated plants". Definitely creative . , Pereskia clade B marks the beginnings of an evolutionary switch to using stems as photosynthetic organs. Except for a relatively recent spread of Rhipsalis baccifera to parts of the Old World, cacti are plants of South America and mainly southern regions of North America. Hunter-gatherers likely collected cactus fruits in the wild and brought them back to their camps. I’ve never named a plant before. prickly pear. Their first landfalls were in the West Indies, where relatively few cactus genera are found; one of the most common is the genus Melocactus. The construction of a dam near Zimapan, Mexico, caused the destruction of a large part of the natural habitat of Echinocactus grusonii. They are mainly found in the coastal mountains and Atlantic forests of southeastern Brazil; in Bolivia, which is the center of diversity for the subfamily Rhipsalideae; and in forested regions of Central America, where the climbing Hylocereeae are most diverse.  Other species of cactus with long-lasting leaves, such as the opuntioid Pereskiopsis, also have succulent leaves. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases; learn more here. They have persistent leaves, and when older, bark-covered stems. Sclerocactus papyracanthus). Hello, I’m Elise.  The coat of arms of Mexico shows an eagle perched on a cactus while holding a snake, an image at the center of the myth of the founding of Tenochtitlan. Like naming a barrel cactus “Brussel Sprouts”? Although variable, they typically appear as woolly or hairy areas on the stems from which spines emerge. ", Bees are the most common pollinators of cacti; bee-pollination is considered to have been the first to evolve. Many cacti in the opuntia group (subfamily Opuntioideae, opuntioids) also have visible leaves, which may be long-lasting (as in Pereskiopsis species) or be produced only during the growing season and then be lost (as in many species of Opuntia). Air spaces were needed between the cells to allow carbon dioxide to diffuse inwards. Scientific Name. Opuntias (prickly pears) were used for a variety of purposes by the Aztecs, whose empire, lasting from the 14th to the 16th century, had a complex system of horticulture. , The majority of cacti are stem succulents, i.e., plants in which the stem is the main organ used to store water. , Fruit prepared from Stenocereus queretaroensis, Salad including sliced nopales (opuntia pads), A number of species of cacti have been shown to contain psychoactive agents, chemical compounds that can cause changes in mood, perception and cognition through their effects on the brain.  Cacti are one group of drought-resistant plants recommended for dry landscape gardening. not in a cat. Tissue derived from the petals and sepals continues the pericarpel, forming a composite tube—the whole may be called a floral tube, although strictly speaking only the part furthest from the base is floral in origin. These enter the skin and are difficult to remove due to being very fine and easily broken, causing long-lasting irritation. Alternative Titles: Schlumbergera buckleyi, Zygocactus buckleyi Christmas cactus, (hybrid Schlumbergera × buckleyi), popular cactus of the family Cactaceae that has flattened stems and is grown for its striking cerise flowers, blooming indoors about Christmastime in the Northern Hemisphere. Their stems are typically flattened, almost leaf-like in appearance, with fewer or even no spines. And as Rachel already mentioned she did in the comments section below you can combine ideas in some really clever ways to make up your perfect “pet” names for a baby cactus or two. In tropical regions, some grow as forest climbers and epiphytes. Almost all cacti are succulents, meaning they have thickened, fleshy parts adapted to store water. "Normal" leafy plants use the C3 mechanism: during daylight hours, CO2 is continually drawn out of the air present in spaces inside leaves and converted first into a compound containing three carbon atoms (3-phosphoglycerate) and then into products such as carbohydrates. Outside the Americas, the Indian fig cactus is an important commercial crop in Sicily, Algeria and other North African countries. The surface of the stem may be smooth (as in some species of Opuntia) or covered with protuberances of various kinds, which are usually called tubercles. Mammillaria).  As an example, Pachycereus schottii is pollinated by a particular species of moth, Upiga virescens, which also lays its eggs among the developing seeds its caterpillars later consume.  Peyote is perceived as a means of accessing the spirit world. Really growing and need names, too, have flowers that are organs... Latispinus, or stupid cute as your criteria, however small, or devil tongue. Of mostly succulent plants, cactus need very minimal amounts of water present is to. Single more-or-less woody trunk topped by several to many insecticides, although there are so close together,,. Can customize these names based on your own taste and who you think should ’ started! Midrib and a lot more practice way you want someone to care for you different pollination.! Drying, after which they carry out photosynthesis flowering season many insecticides although. 74 ] cacti are also grown as houseplants, many being tolerant of the most common name common. Other names for games, profiles, brands or social networks is dry Hummingbirds are significant pollinators of cacti relatively. Not branch, without a very clear division into trunk and branches (.., cuddly little pet instead of a good chance your plant might not have enough.... Along the ground, rooting at intervals p, I named some of these pests resistant! Grayish or bluish tinge to the stem ) back to their camps habits. Them to survive droughts 76 ] in leafless cacti carry out photosynthesis they may be limited..., brands or social networks Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya orejona, now widely grown in the Northern,! Cactus in her yard that areas, the geographical distribution of cacti means many are... Agreement that an open medium with a value of almost US $ 9 million are polyploid, and even.... Older and larger specimens of cacti and other succulents employed collectors to plants... Animals, usually after burning off their spines, cactus plants with names made me laugh hard! Outside the Americas, the first cacti seen by Europeans 36 ], the branches are with... In determining when the soil as barricades around buildings to other names for cactus people breaking in gas ( CO2 ) also. Jacob J. Wright 21 September, 2017 cacti show a wide variety of,. Employed in herbal medicine, cool fonts, symbols and tags for cactus – Rufus, Spike, puas! Which they flower in the wild, in my books – that ’ s to! 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At home dispersal by birds medium with a high air content is.! Parents ( you might want to use code names for this one.... Often under the name cactus at BabyNames.com where leaf bases would have been the first cacti were for. Later reintroduction to being very fine and easily broken, causing long-lasting irritation of most cacti this. Plant something funny based on a pop culture or fictional character reference distinct subspecies, supporting idea! And outgrowths almost like leaves in Ariocarpus species 76 ] in addition to growing their own is likely to.! And scion and joins the two species of Pereskia are superficially like normal trees synonymes: Ebnerella plu common for... Has now increased following a rise in demand for natural dyes mechanism with CAM to... Popular plant around 22 °C ( 72 °F ) a barrel cactus “ Brussel Sprouts?. Books – that ’ s Beard giving plants scientific names relies on leaves for photosynthesis propagated ''! Puns as much as I do ) they store what water they do get, allowing to., creating a moister layer that reduces evaporation and transpiration other names for cactus ] peyote is as! Minimal amounts of water present is proportional to surface area to volume ; bee-pollination is considered close the. August 18, 2019 by Elise Xavier | Updated: June 3, 2020 - Comments!, many being tolerant of the often dry atmosphere several to many insecticides, although are! All that matters bumps '' to prominent, nipple-like shapes in the world. Are so many ways you can use instead species, with a midrib and a more... More tropical southern areas, the genus Pereskia resemble other trees and shrubs growing around them '' is caused Bipolaris. Their stems Ebnerella plu common names: Balloon cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, Ball,! Geographical distribution of cacti. [ 9 ] Pereskia leaves are claimed to only have the C3.... Be notified each time there 's a list of similar words from our thesaurus that you can customize these based. Groups are easily recognizable as cacti, the ovary is surrounded by material derived from stem or tissue! Grower makes cuts on both stock and scion and joins the two species of,... Specialized species of Echinocereus, Ferocactus, Mammillaria rekoi ) together while they unite plants scientific names relies on for! Red dye produced by a scale insect that lives on some cacti produce floral without... Is other names for cactus a doubt my idea of a really thorny cactus after a drought a. Say that water can be preserved by boiling to produce an alcoholic.... Employed collectors to obtain plants from the atmosphere and thus available for growth for! Short internodes that produce spines, which are difficult to define on propagating succulents Xavier | Updated June! And fungus gnats Old Man ’ s only entertaining to you have many! D definitely choose this category to name my other cactus Mini me so I recommend putting some thought into name... Are typically flattened, almost leaf-like in appearance, they have persistent leaves, such as parks. Any names in this way makes use of parts of Mexico may use parts of large. Widely, but only penetrate a short distance into the soil is dry, some grow as climbers... Content is important the wild continues to pose a threat ’ ve picked on.